Every house needs to be free from electrical hazards and lightning proof or the residents will be exposed to dangers. That is why house owners have to make sure house earthing is done correctly. Faulty currents can cause sudden bursts of energy because these houses often catch fire. To prevent these accidents, house earthing has to be connected with the neutral wires of every outlet to the group. If lightning strikes your home it will cause a power surge but thanks to the earthing solution the excess flow of current will go down to the group via the earthing rod. In this article, we will see why these earthing rods are vital for house earthing.
What Are Earthing Rods?
The earth rods are vital for a satisfactory earthing system and they are suitable for all soil conditions. Primarily used for the distribution of electricity and transmission networks even controls high fault current capacity for towers, power distribution applications and homes. When the soil is free from rock and boulders the earthing rod can be conveniently installed with a low hostility earthing material; preventing people and equipment from earthing shocks. In the low soil resistivity ground conditions, earthing rods become very useful electrodes in a small area.
How Earthing Rods Work?
Electrical systems can work unexpectedly and these phenomena are beyond human comprehension. During a system fault, excess electricity is produced and withoutearthing, the surge of electricity can damage other electronic components in the vicinity. The earthing rods & pipes provide a safe route for this extra electricity to enter the earth. The electrical charge can be absorbed and dispersed by the Earth itself, which functions as a sizable natural conductor.
Because metals are effective electrical conductors, the grounding rod is usually composed of steel or copper. To guarantee a strong electric connection with the Earth, the rod has been embedded in the ground. By connecting the earthing rod to the electrical wiring, the electricity has a low-resistance channel to follow. By connecting the two, you can make sure that any malfunctions or extra electricity escapes into the earth instead of passing through the structures or electrical equipment.
Different Types of Earthing Rods
Although copper, is the best choice for electrode material and underground conductors other earthing rods made of different materials are also good for high-fault current installations. Following are the types of earthing rods:
- Copper-bonded earthing rods
- Solid copper earthing rods
- Stainless steel earth rods
- Galvanized steel earth rods
The copper bonded earthingrod is useful in different situations because of its capacity to withstand faulty current, mechanical strength, and defiance to corrosion. Glavanized earthing rods are mostly used for short-term and temporary grounding needs.
What Can You Do About The House Earthing?
Although an earthing rod is vital for the earthing it is not the only thing meanwhile you have to find an electrician to do the rest. The electrician will tell if the house is already earthed or requires more work to prevent accidents. New homeowners have to get an earthing rod based on the type of soil while old homes need to fix the previous earthing.